Road traffic injuries – September 2016

Mai jos este un articol preluat de pe situl Organizației Mondiale a Sănătății. E despre accidentele rutiere. Locul 9 în topul cauzelor de deces din lume cu 1,25 milioane de victime.

 

Key facts

  • About 1.25 million people die each year as a result of road traffic crashes.
  • Road traffic injuries are the leading cause of death among young people, aged 15–29 years.
  • 90% of the world’s fatalities on the roads occur in low- and middle-income countries, even though these countries have approximately half of the world’s vehicles.
  • Half of those dying on the world’s roads are “vulnerable road users”: pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists.
  • Without action, road traffic crashes are predicted to rise to become the 7th leading cause of death by 2030.
  • The newly adopted 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development’s has set an ambitious road safety target of halving the global number of deaths and injuries from road traffic crashes by 2020.

Every year the lives of approximately 1.25 million people are cut short as a result of a road traffic crash. Between 20 and 50 million more people suffer non-fatal injuries, with many incurring a disability as a result of their injury. (adică locul 9 în Top, adică mult peste „terorism”)

Road traffic injuries cause considerable economic losses to victims, their families, and to nations as a whole. These losses arise from the cost of treatment (including rehabilitation and incident investigation) as well as reduced/lost productivity (e.g. in wages) for those killed or disabled by their injuries, and for family members who need to take time off work (or school) to care for the injured.

There are few global estimates of the costs of injury, but research carried out in 2010 suggests that road traffic crashes cost countries approximately 3% of their gross national product. This figure rises to 5% in some low- and middle-income countries. (adică se pierd foarte mulți bani, de aici și interesul organizațiilor mondiale gen OMS, gen ONU, gen Banca Mondială, etc.)

Road traffic injuries have been neglected from the global health agenda for many years, despite being predictable and largely preventable. Evidence from many countries shows that dramatic successes in preventing road traffic crashes can be achieved through concerted efforts that involve, but are not limited to, the health sector. (adică nu prea s-a dat importanță, mergea și așa… dar nu prea mai merge și așa)

Who is at risk?

Socioeconomic status

More than 90% of deaths that result from road traffic injuries occur in low- and middle-income countries. Road traffic injury death rates are highest in the low- and middle-income countries of the African region. Even within high-income countries, people from lower socioeconomic backgrounds are more likely to be involved in a road traffic crashes. (adică dintre aceste țări facem și noi parte. Suntem pe locul 138 din 140 de țări la calitatea drumurilor conform World Economic Forum)

Age

People aged between 15 and 44 years account for 48% of global road traffic deaths. (adică tineri, chiar copii, și adulții apți de muncă)

Sex

From a young age, males are more likely to be involved in road traffic crashes than females. About three-quarters (73%) of all road traffic deaths occur among men. Among young drivers, young males under the age of 25 years are almost 3 times as likely to be killed in a car crash as young females.

Risk factors and what can be done to address them

Road traffic injuries can be prevented. Governments need to take action to address road safety in a holistic manner, that requires involvement from multiple sectors (transport, police, health, education) and that addresses the safety of roads, vehicles, and road users themselves.

Effective interventions include designing safer infrastructure and incorporating road safety features into land-use and transport planning; improving the safety features of vehicles; and improving post-crash care for victims of road crashes. Interventions that target road user behaviour are equally important, such as setting and enforcing laws relating to key risk factors, and raising public awareness. (adică există soluții. Accidentele pot fi prevenite cu o infrastructură ce îndeplinește condițiile de siguranță, cu vehicule dotate cu elemente de sigurață și cu Educație Rutieră)

articolul complet aici

 

Poza articolului este un extras din Global status report on road safety 2015. Acest raport poate fi citit aici, România fiind la pagina 133.

oms

Salvează vieți alături de RFG!

Comments

comments

Fii primul care comenteaza la articolul "Road traffic injuries – September 2016"

Lasă un comentariu